Page 1 of 11 123 ... LastLast
Results 1 to 8 of 82

Thread: SOUTH AMERICAN AIR FORCES - LATIN LEADERS

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Jul 2005
    Posts
    66
    Rep Power
    0

    Default SOUTH AMERICAN AIR FORCES - LATIN LEADERS

    Miren este articulo que posteo el forista COSACO en el foro Fach-Extraoficial.

    Jane's Defence Weekly 08-03-2006
    SOUTH AMERICAN AIR FORCES - LATIN LEADERS


    Jim Dorschner JDW Special Correspondent

    Washington, DC
    Additional reporting JDW Correspondents: José Higuera Santiago, Pedro Paulo Rezende Brasília, Jeremy McDermott Bogotá.

    Four countries in South America are leading the region on air force modernisation after years of stagnation. Jim Dorschner reports

    * A modest increase in air force investment is expected in South America over the next four years

    * Major procurement programmes in Latin America are often constrained by funding and US restrictions

    After a decade of relative inactivity, new trends in air force modernisation in South America are emerging that will significantly alter the regional military balance.

    The last major modern aircraft procurement was in the mid-1990s during the Peru-Ecuador crisis when Peru stocked up on a number of Russian aircraft, including MiG-29 fighters, Su-22 and Su-25 ground attack aircraft and French Mirage 2000 fighters.

    The serious financial crisis that subsequently rocked South America brought military spending largely to a halt and hastened the advent of widespread social and political changes that culminated with the election of broadly left-leaning, populist governments across most of the region.

    Lingering effects of the economic downturn and new social commitments by these governments continue to place military modernisation on hold in all but four countries: Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Venezuela. The rest of the region's military capabilities were left to deteriorate.

    Symptomatic of conditions in South America now is the care and attention to detail with which armed forces and governments undertake major military procurements, taking into consideration the potential pitfalls of both domestic and international scrutiny. Nonetheless, according to a Jane's Latin American analyst, overall military spending in the region will modestly increase over the next four years.


    Chile

    In perhaps the most significant airpower development in South America since the arrival of Peru's MiG-29s, Lockheed Martin handed over the first two new-build F-16 Block 50 fighter aircraft to the Chilean Air Force (FACh) at an official ceremony in Santiago on 31 January. The pair of two-seat F-16Ds are the first of a batch of 10 fighters ordered in 2002. The balance of the order, two more F-16Ds and six single-seat F-16Cs, will be delivered by the end of 2006. The new fighters will re-equip the fighter group at Iquique, in northern Chile near the border with Peru, replacing Mirage 5Ms.

    During a 2004 Jane's interview, the then Defence Minister, Michelle Bachelet, now President-elect, strenuously denied that the F-16 buy was promoting a South American arms race. "There is no arms race except in the press," she said. "In regular discussions with my counterparts in the region, including Peru, I have assured them that our procurement programmes are just routine replacement of old equipment and they have agreed."

    Since that interview, Chile has decided to accelerate the retirement of ageing Mirage 50 Panteras and Mirage 5M Elkans, replacing them with surplus Dutch F-16s. While Chile's reassurances are certainly sincere, Peru must be nervous, since the advent of advanced F-16s next door largely eclipses Peru's MiG-29s and Mirage 2000s, both of which require upgrades to remain effective.

    Altogether, Chile will obtain 18 F-16s from the Netherlands: 11 F-16AM single-seat and seven BM twin-seat fighters. They were built between 1982 and 1988 and received mid-life updates (MLUs) between 1997 and 2003 to M2 software standard. Lockheed Martin will modify the aircraft to Chilean MLU standard, including the removal of their High-speed Anti-Radiation Missile (HARM) capability. They will be delivered in three batches of six, commencing in September 2006, with subsequent deliveries in June and September 2007.

    General Osvaldo Sarabia, head of the FACh, confirmed that the Dutch F-16s would re-equip two existing fighter groups based at Antofagasta in the north and Punta Arenas in the south, replacing all the Mirage types by the end of 2007. A larger order of new Block 50 F-16s was deferred due to the failure to negotiate an acceptable offset package and concerns about dependence on the US.

    Interestingly, the new Block 50 F-16s will be armed with a curious mix of US and Israeli weapons and pods and the US-standard Joint Helmet-Mounted Cueing System by Vision Systems International, itself jointly owned by Rockwell Collins and Elbit. Choices include US AIM-120C advanced medium-range air-to-air missiles and laser-guided bombs, Israeli targeting and reconnaissance pods and probably other advanced Israeli weapons such as the SPICE precision glide bomb. There is no word yet on whether the second-hand F-16s will receive the same capability. Undoubtedly, though, the FACh will shortly possess airpower capability that is unrivalled in South America.

    An emerging initiative under consideration in Chile is a new call for bids to replace 15 Northrop F-5 Tiger IIIs later this decade. The F-5s were extensively modified with new radars and weapons in the late 1990s and any replacement is expected to be an air superiority fighter. One option may be a second order of new F-16s, but EADS is active in Santiago creating a scenario for Eurofighter that takes advantage of Chilean desires for alternatives to US dominance. Not neglecting other requirements, in July 2005 Chile signed a declaration of intent (DOI) with Airbus Military to purchase up to three A400M military transport aircraft and will likely sign a contract early in 2006. The A400M will replace C-130 Hercules transports and provide Chile with much enhanced airlift capability for military, humanitarian and peacekeeping activities. Delivery is not expected before 2012. More urgently, a boom refuelling capability is required to support the F-16 fleet and will likely come from Israel, possibly by upgrading the FACh's existing Boeing 707 hose and drogue tankers, soon to be redundant.

    The next major aircraft procurement will likely be helicopters for the army, air force, navy and national police, though a single platform for all the services is unlikely. A favourite is thought to be the Indian Hindustan Aeronautics Dhruv, with avionics by Israel Aircraft Industries.
    Para no depender tanto de EEUU podría ser el Eurofighter typhoon el reemplazo de los F-5 8O, eso si que seria un sueño.
    Aunque con mas F-16 quedo feliz.

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Mar 2005
    Posts
    230
    Rep Power
    0

    Default

    Se vienen los Flankers para el Peruuuu....

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Jul 2005
    Posts
    349
    Rep Power
    0

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by PERUVIAN_WARRIOR
    Se vienen los Flankers para el Peruuuu....
    jajajajajajajajaja buena peruvian ¿estuviste tanto tiempo afuera consiguiendote el dinero? ojala pero podrias postearte unas fotitos de ese nuevo "terror de los aires"

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    Location
    Brasil
    Posts
    714
    Rep Power
    14

    Default

    Miren este articulo que posteo el forista COSACO en el foro Fach-Extraoficial.
    Caro Sparrow
    Es posible que consigas todo el artículo? Seria interesante leer lo que escribiran sobre Brasil, Colombia y Venezuela.

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Jul 2005
    Posts
    66
    Rep Power
    0

    Default

    Aca esta el articulo completo.

    Jane's Defence Weekly 08-03-2006

    SOUTH AMERICAN AIR FORCES - LATIN LEADERS


    Jim Dorschner JDW Special Correspondent

    Washington, DC
    Additional reporting JDW Correspondents: José Higuera Santiago, Pedro Paulo Rezende Brasília, Jeremy McDermott Bogotá.

    Four countries in South America are leading the region on air force modernisation after years of stagnation. Jim Dorschner reports

    * A modest increase in air force investment is expected in South America over the next four years

    * Major procurement programmes in Latin America are often constrained by funding and US restrictions

    After a decade of relative inactivity, new trends in air force modernisation in South America are emerging that will significantly alter the regional military balance.

    The last major modern aircraft procurement was in the mid-1990s during the Peru-Ecuador crisis when Peru stocked up on a number of Russian aircraft, including MiG-29 fighters, Su-22 and Su-25 ground attack aircraft and French Mirage 2000 fighters.

    The serious financial crisis that subsequently rocked South America brought military spending largely to a halt and hastened the advent of widespread social and political changes that culminated with the election of broadly left-leaning, populist governments across most of the region.

    Lingering effects of the economic downturn and new social commitments by these governments continue to place military modernisation on hold in all but four countries: Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Venezuela. The rest of the region's military capabilities were left to deteriorate.

    Symptomatic of conditions in South America now is the care and attention to detail with which armed forces and governments undertake major military procurements, taking into consideration the potential pitfalls of both domestic and international scrutiny. Nonetheless, according to a Jane's Latin American analyst, overall military spending in the region will modestly increase over the next four years.

    Brazil

    The on-again, off-again FX fighter programme to replace ageing Mirage IIIEBRs was officially cancelled on 22 February 2005 and the Brazilian Air Force (FAB) is waiting for new technology to mature before renewing a requirement for 12-24 next-generation aircraft.

    This approach could lead directly to a purchase of Brazilian-French Embraer-Dassault Rafale fighters, taking advantage of the strong relationship established during the FX bidding process when the two companies promoted the Mirage 2000-5BR.

    The initial FX tender in 2000 was for a EUR587 million (USD700 million) contract for 12 new fighters. It also drew bids from Lockheed Martin with the F-16C Block 50/52; Saab, in conjunction with BAE Systems, offering the Gripen BR; Sukhoi, with Brazil's Avibras, put forward the Su-35; while a fifth contender, the MiG-29SMT, was withdrawn mid-contest.

    Ultimately, the strongest FX contenders seemed to be the Mirage 2000-5BR and the Gripen BR. According to Anastacio Katsanos, senior manager of defence market strategy at Embraer, the Gripen was the more capable fighter but France's history with the FAB during the long service life of the Mirage III was a key reason why the Dassault-Embraer Mirage 2000-5BR would likely have prevailed had the contest continued.

    Another plus for the Mirage 2000-5BR was France's readiness to reveal software source codes; Lockheed Martin's refusal to do so effectively eliminated the F-16 from the competition. The Su-35, though acknowledged as a very strong and capable contender at an affordable price, was perceived as too risky and likely to cause excessive upheaval during service integration.

    Meanwhile, following a visit to Paris in July 2005 by the country's President, Luiz Inacio Lula de Silva, Brazil concluded a deal to buy 12 second-hand Mirage 2000C fighters from the French Air Force for EUR60 million (USD72 million) plus an expected further EUR20 million for spares and other auxiliary equipment. Equipped with Radar Doppler à Impulsions (RDI) pulse radars, there has been no word on any associated weapon transfers. With delivery expected from August 2006 after overhaul in France, the FAB has already begun decommissioning Mirage IIIEBRs, some of which have flown for more than 30 years. French observers say the sale of second-hand Mirage 2000Cs at such a low price is clearly designed to position France favourably in any renewed contest for new combat aircraft.

    The first upgraded F-5M/FM fighter for the FAB was handed over in September 2005. A joint Embraer and Elbit contract valued at USD280 million will structurally upgrade 43 F-5Es and three Fs. This will include installation of the Galileo Avionica (formerly FIAR) Grifo-F multifunction radar, new avionics, a glass cockpit with three displays and Hands-On-Throttle-And-Stick (HOTAS) controls. While the upgrades are under way, the F-5 fleet will be supplemented by five Es and four Fs purchased from Saudi Arabia.

    The FAB also confirmed the selection of South Africa's Denel to provide A-Darter infra-red-guided, short-range air-to-air-missiles (AAMs) for the modernised F-5M fighters and the FAB's AMX International A-1M strike aircraft. Brazil's defence ministry sponsored local company Mectron to participate in developing the A-Darter: a move that could open the way for involvement in the development of Denel's R-Darter beyond visual-range AAM. While the defence ministry has not released details of Mectron's involvement in A-Darter beyond an initial stake of USD52 million, FAB sources say total investment in the programme could reach USD130 million.

    In other areas, Brazil has signed a contract with EADS-CASA to purchase 12 C-295 twin turboprop transport aircraft and to upgrade eight ex-US Navy P-3A Orion maritime patrol aircraft (MPA) to P-3BR standard. The C-295 contract is worth about EUR250 million and the P-3 upgrade more than EUR352 million. The first C-295 is slated for delivery later in 2006 to augment the C-130 fleet and replace eight C-115 Buffalo transports bought in 1968 to support operations in the Amazon.

    CASA will structurally refit and upgrade eight of the 12 P-3As that Brazil acquired from US Navy stocks for USD10 million.

    In addition to CASA's Fully Integrated Tactical System (FITS), they will gain a new search radar, a forward-looking infra-red system, electronic support measures, an acoustic system, Link 11 datalink and navigation systems. The remaining four airframes will be used for training and spares. The first airframe resurrected from storage at Davis Monthan Air Force Base in Arizona was flown carefully to Spain in January and CASA expects to deliver the first upgraded P-3BR in early 2008.

    In 2004 Brazil ordered 10 Sikorsky UH-60L Black Hawk helicopters for USD250 million, including spares, support equipment and cabin-mounted 7.62 mm electric mini-guns. These will equip an army aviation unit dedicated to special forces missions, joining four others originally acquired in the late 1990s to support the Military Observation Mission Ecuador-Peru (MOMEP).

    Chile

    In perhaps the most significant airpower development in South America since the arrival of Peru's MiG-29s, Lockheed Martin handed over the first two new-build F-16 Block 50 fighter aircraft to the Chilean Air Force (FACh) at an official ceremony in Santiago on 31 January. The pair of two-seat F-16Ds are the first of a batch of 10 fighters ordered in 2002. The balance of the order, two more F-16Ds and six single-seat F-16Cs, will be delivered by the end of 2006. The new fighters will re-equip the fighter group at Iquique, in northern Chile near the border with Peru, replacing Mirage 5Ms.

    During a 2004 Jane's interview, the then Defence Minister, Michelle Bachelet, now President-elect, strenuously denied that the F-16 buy was promoting a South American arms race. "There is no arms race except in the press," she said. "In regular discussions with my counterparts in the region, including Peru, I have assured them that our procurement programmes are just routine replacement of old equipment and they have agreed."

    Since that interview, Chile has decided to accelerate the retirement of ageing Mirage 50 Panteras and Mirage 5M Elkans, replacing them with surplus Dutch F-16s. While Chile's reassurances are certainly sincere, Peru must be nervous, since the advent of advanced F-16s next door largely eclipses Peru's MiG-29s and Mirage 2000s, both of which require upgrades to remain effective.

    Altogether, Chile will obtain 18 F-16s from the Netherlands: 11 F-16AM single-seat and seven BM twin-seat fighters. They were built between 1982 and 1988 and received mid-life updates (MLUs) between 1997 and 2003 to M2 software standard. Lockheed Martin will modify the aircraft to Chilean MLU standard, including the removal of their High-speed Anti-Radiation Missile (HARM) capability. They will be delivered in three batches of six, commencing in September 2006, with subsequent deliveries in June and September 2007.

    General Osvaldo Sarabia, head of the FACh, confirmed that the Dutch F-16s would re-equip two existing fighter groups based at Antofagasta in the north and Punta Arenas in the south, replacing all the Mirage types by the end of 2007. A larger order of new Block 50 F-16s was deferred due to the failure to negotiate an acceptable offset package and concerns about dependence on the US.

    Interestingly, the new Block 50 F-16s will be armed with a curious mix of US and Israeli weapons and pods and the US-standard Joint Helmet-Mounted Cueing System by Vision Systems International, itself jointly owned by Rockwell Collins and Elbit. Choices include US AIM-120C advanced medium-range air-to-air missiles and laser-guided bombs, Israeli targeting and reconnaissance pods and probably other advanced Israeli weapons such as the SPICE precision glide bomb. There is no word yet on whether the second-hand F-16s will receive the same capability. Undoubtedly, though, the FACh will shortly possess airpower capability that is unrivalled in South America.

    An emerging initiative under consideration in Chile is a new call for bids to replace 15 Northrop F-5 Tiger IIIs later this decade. The F-5s were extensively modified with new radars and weapons in the late 1990s and any replacement is expected to be an air superiority fighter. One option may be a second order of new F-16s, but EADS is active in Santiago creating a scenario for Eurofighter that takes advantage of Chilean desires for alternatives to US dominance. Not neglecting other requirements, in July 2005 Chile signed a declaration of intent (DOI) with Airbus Military to purchase up to three A400M military transport aircraft and will likely sign a contract early in 2006. The A400M will replace C-130 Hercules transports and provide Chile with much enhanced airlift capability for military, humanitarian and peacekeeping activities. Delivery is not expected before 2012. More urgently, a boom refuelling capability is required to support the F-16 fleet and will likely come from Israel, possibly by upgrading the FACh's existing Boeing 707 hose and drogue tankers, soon to be redundant.

    The next major aircraft procurement will likely be helicopters for the army, air force, navy and national police, though a single platform for all the services is unlikely. A favourite is thought to be the Indian Hindustan Aeronautics Dhruv, with avionics by Israel Aircraft Industries.

    Colombia

    Colombia's air force modernisation is defined by long-running multiple counter-insurgency campaigns, principally against the narco-trafficking associated FARC movement, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, and has been largely facilitated by generous US support in the form of 'Plan Colombia'. In terms of aircraft, this has meant some 100 helicopters for the army, air force and national police, including nearly 75 UH-60 Black Hawks. Other US acquisitions include air-to-air radar-equipped Cessna Citations similar to those operated by the US Department of Homeland Security and additional gunship versions of Basler Turbo DC-3s.

    More recently, Colombia rejected strong pressure from the US by opting to order 25 Embraer EMB-314 Super Tucano light attack aircraft for the Colombian Air Force (FAC) in a contract worth USD235 million. The contract followed three years of negotiation and was delayed three times by the US State Department.

    The Super Tucano aircraft, equipped with a laser designator, two .50 in (12.7 mm) machine guns and four hard points for bombs, rockets or fuel pods, will provide a much-needed helicopter escort and strike capability, replacing old and increasingly difficult-to-maintain OV-10s and A-37s.

    However, diverging from US interests meant giving up American largesse in the process and the contract signed on 7 December 2005 required Colombian senate approval to expend national funds in addition to assistance from the Brazilian Economic and Social Development Bank. The contract includes a comprehensive logistics and training package with a full flight simulator. The first four aircraft are slated for delivery by the end of 2006, with a further 10 in 2007 and 11 in 2008.

    In a further departure, Spain offered Colombia transport aircraft and helicopters, apparently with the intent to deflect US criticism over Spain's ill-fated arms deal with Venezuela. During a December 2005 visit to Bogotá, Spanish Defence Minister José Bono mentioned 12 CASA C-212s from Spanish Air Force surplus stocks, two new CASA C-295s and seven CASA CN-235s. Spain has yet to clarify the offer, including who might pay, and how, for the new C-295s and CN-235s, and Colombia has yet to comment. Additional transports would certainly be useful to reduce demand on the Colombian helicopter fleet, but many hurdles clearly remain before this becomes reality and much may depend on how CASA ultimately fares in Venezuela.

    Venezuela

    Venezuela has adopted a military modernisation programme, the 'Strategic Plan for Consolidation of Defence', that some experts claim could cost as much as USD30.7 billion through to 2012 and make the country South America's biggest military spender.

    Despite plenty of funding from high oil revenues, the air force's procurement programme is beset with difficulties, not least of which is US antipathy. Like Chile, Venezuelan officials claim their programme is driven solely by the need to modernise outmoded armed forces, but the build-up is causing considerable anxiety in Washington and in neighbouring Colombia.

    A primary Venezuelan objective is to reduce US influence, but so far the US has managed to stymie two major aircraft programmes: an F-16 upgrade by an Israeli consortium and the purchase of modern transports from Spain. A deal to obtain Super Tucanos from Brazil may be similarly threatened.

    In October 2005, the Israeli newspaper Yedidot Aharonot quoted government sources reporting that pressure from Washington had forced Israel to cancel an Israel Aircraft Industries USD100 million contract to upgrade Venezuela's 22 Lockheed Martin F-16 fighter jets, originally purchased in 1982 when Venezuela-US relations were considerably warmer. The upgrade deal followed a 2004 purchase by the Venezuelan Air Force (FAV) of 57 advanced air-to-air missiles from Israel, probably Python 4s, and would have resulted in replacing most US electronics, including the radar, with Israeli systems. In this case, there was little doubt as to how Israel would react. This was not the case with Spain.

    Venezuela concluded a deal for 10 CASA C-295 transport aircraft and two CN-235 maritime patrol aircraft in April 2005 and signed a EUR509 million contract in November. Almost immediately, the US weighed in to block the sale, citing the C-295's 50 per cent to 60 per cent US content to deny Spain an export licence. The ensuing controversy continued right up to February 2006, with President Hugo Chavez and other Venezuelan officials regularly echoing Spanish officials, including the Deputy Prime Minister, in claiming the deal would go through regardless, with studies underway on the feasibility of incorporating alternatives to US-supplied equipment.

    However, it now appears unlikely the deal will ever be consummated. EADS, the parent company of CASA, is not eager to anger the US as richer opportunities loom, such as the possibility of building a hundred KC-330 tankers for the US Air Force in Alabama or 135 UH-145 helicopters in Mississippi for the US Army. More to the point, technical hurdles in replacing US equipment in the C-295 and CN-235 are not economically viable.

    Looking to another avenue, Brazil and Venezuela signed a defence co-operation agreement in February 2005 that led to plans to acquire 24 EMB-314 Super Tucano light strike aircraft from Embraer. However, once again the US is claiming sufficient US content to block any sale. On 23 January 2006, in an interview with the daily Folha de Sao Paulo, Brazilian Foreign Minister Celso Amorim reacted by calling any US veto "indefensible nonsense". However, US authorities are reportedly concerned the Tucanos could be used to put down any future popular uprising against the Chavez administration and will likely stand fast against any sale.

    Given Washington's long reach and willingness to take extraordinary measures to keep military equipment from reaching Venezuela, the most likely scenario is for increased sales of Russian and Chinese merchandise. Likely options include the Chinese Y-8/An-12 and Y-7/An-26, including maritime patrol versions, as substitutes for the aborted CASA contract. Fighter options include the full range of Russian MiG-29s to replace ageing Mirages and F-16s, or even Russian Su-30s or Chinese J-10 aircraft. Sources in Venezuela have also told Jane's that Brazil is proposing a joint programme for the acquisition of advanced fighter aircraft, though details are scanty and this may relate to little more than additional fighter versions of the two-seat AMX-Ts already in service; this, though, would require Italian approval and that would probably trigger another US roadblock.

    As a good indicator of where Venezuela may be headed, the first three of 11 Mil Mi-17V-5 medium-lift helicopters ordered by Venezuela in March and June 2005 were delivered on 20 December 2005, just as the first group of Venezuelan Army pilots graduated from the Torjok Training Centre in Russia. Under a USD120 million contract signed in March 2005, Russia is providing the Venezuelan armed forces with 10 new helicopters - six medium-lift Mi-17V-5s, three attack Mi-35Ms and one heavy-lift Mi-26T - as well as flight and technical training. A second USD81 million contract was signed in June 2005 for another five Mi-17V-5s and activation of the first Venezuelan unit equipped with Russian-built helicopters is planned for March 2006. Venezuelan armed forces' plans call for the gradual procurement of between 30 and 40 transport and attack helicopters and more contracts for Russian-made helicopters are expected. [/b]

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    Location
    Brasil
    Posts
    714
    Rep Power
    14

    Default

    Aca esta el articulo completo.
    Gracias

  7. #7
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    Location
    The Batcave
    Posts
    115
    Rep Power
    15

    Default

    ¡¡¡¡TYPHOON ¡¡¡¡
    Utas que sería feliz es potente el bicho ese.
    Pero parece que la cosa va por estandarizar a f-16.
    Que mal que estamos eh

    Alegres saludos
    Darknight

  8. #8
    Join Date
    Aug 2005
    Location
    Peru
    Posts
    2,012
    Rep Power
    17

    Default

    ja ja ja... EF2000 typhoon??? pero si aun no me llegan los F-35 con mayonesa y papas fritas.

Page 1 of 11 123 ... LastLast

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •